No More Fonts

It is now no longer necessary to use specialized fonts on Macintosh or Windows to type in Yukon Native languages. Many of the core fonts now work with the YNLC Unicode keyboards. More fonts will likely work over time. The relatively new Microsoft fonts Cambria (serif) and Calibri (sans-serif) work well for Word users on both platforms. The Yukon Native Language Centre no longer distributes unicode fonts and encourages use of standard fonts with the YNLC specialized keyboards.

Although no special font is needed, you do need to install a specialized keyboard layout for Windows or Macintosh to easily type Yukon Native languages. The keystrokes are the same for both platforms.

Install YNLCkey for Macintosh OS X

A) Download the ZIP file: YNLCkey.zip

B) Double Click the Zipped File to Unpack Two Files:
YNLCkey3.keylayout
YNLCkey3.icns

C) Put the Two Tiny Files in the Keyboard Layouts Folder:
Macintosh HD > Library > Keyboard Layouts
— Or —
Hold down the Option key, click on the Go menu, select Library > Keyboard Layouts

D) Restart the computer or log out and log back in

E) Activate YNLCkey
Instructions for OS X v10.9 Mavericks (released 22 Oct 2013). Instructions for older systems are below.

  1. Click on the Apple menu in the upper, left corner of the screen.
  2. Choose System Preferences... from the menu that appears.
  3. Click on the Keyboard icon in the second row in the window that opens.
  4. Select the Input Sources header.
  5. Click the + button in the lower, left corner.
  6. Select Others near the top of the list on the left side.
  7. Select the YNLCkey layout from the list on the right side.
  8. Click the Add button in the lower, right corner.
  9. Tick the Show Input menu in menubar checkbox at the bottom of the window.
  10. Close the Keyboard window.
  11. Click on the Input Menu icon (the little keyboard or flag) in the upper-right corner of the screen.
  12. Select YNLCkey from the list that is displayed.
Instructions for older OS X versions named after a cat like Lion or Mountain Lion.
  1. Click on the Apple menu in the upper, left corner of the screen.
  2. Choose System Preferences... from the menu that appears.
  3. Click on the Language & Text icon or the International icon in the window that opens.
  4. Select the Input Sources header.
  5. In the list of sources, scroll to the bottom and put a check mark beside YNLCkey.
  6. Tick the Show Input menu in menubar checkbox at the bottom of the window.
  7. Close the Keyboard window.
  8. Click on the Input Menu icon (the little keyboard or flag) in the upper-right corner of the screen.
  9. Select YNLCkey from the list that is displayed.

F) Quick Test

  1. Start a word processor or text editor.
  2. Select a Unicode font: Arial Unicode, Lucida Grande Unicode, Times New Roman, or, if using Word 20011, Calibri or Cambria. Several others will work in TextEdit or Nisus Writer.
  3. Click on the Input Menu icon (the little keyboard or flag) in the upper-right corner of the screen and select YNLCkey from the list that is displayed.
  4. Type an "a", then the left square bracket "[" and you should see "á".
  5. Type an "a", then a semi-colon ";" and you should see "ą".
For complete typing instructions go to the How To Type page and/or consult the Yukon Keyboard Layouts pdf.

Install YNLCkey for Windows

This keyboard and installer have been tested on Windows 7 and 8. It has not been tested on Vista but may work. An older keyboard installer for XP is available on request.

A) Confirm Your User Status
On Windows 7 and 8 you must be logged on as an administrator or a member of the Administrators group in order to install the keyboard layout. This is probably irrelevant for home or small office users. If in doubt, just try the next steps.

B) Download the ZIP file: YNLCkey.zip

C) Unpack the Zip Archive
If you do not already see a folder called “yukonWindowsKey” in the same location as the zip file, double click the zip to unpack the folder called “yukonWindowsKey”.

D) Install the Keyboard Layout
Run the setup.exe file in the folder called “yukonWindowsKey” (ignore everything else).

E) Activate the Keyboard Layout
On the task bar (lower right) click the blue language icon and change the EN to CA. When you launch a text editor the language may switch back to EN requiring you to select CA again. (Windows requires the layout to masquerade as a pre-defined language, so technically CA stands for Catalan.)

F) Quick Test

  1. Start WordPad
  2. Change the language from EN to CA if necessary.
  3. Change the font to Cambria or Calibri.
  4. Press in the CapsLock key.
  5. Type the letter a, then type the left square bracket . You should see á (a-acute).
For complete typing instructions go to the How To Type page and/or consult the Yukon Keyboard Layouts pdf.

How to Type

The PDF file, Yukon Keyboard Layout, is a one page document with complete typing instructions. It is not necessary to read this page to learn to type, but it might be helpful.

The YNLC Keyboard Layouts

  • work for all eight Yukon languages and more
  • use Caps Lock to toggle between English and Yukon typing
  • use the same keystrokes as the older Yukon Font or YNLC Legacy systems
  • work identically on Windows and Macintosh
  • are freely distributed

Each Symbol has a Separate Key

The older systems promoted by YNLC had special, idiosyncratic devices to get two diacritics above characters. Such devices are not necessary with the new YNLC system which uses the Unicode combining diacritics. With the YNLC system each diacritic has a separate key. To get two diacritics above a vowel, like ǘ you type three keystrokes, the vowel and two diacritic keys. To get two diacritics above and one below a vowel as in ą̄́ or ę̈̄ you type four keystrokes, the vowel and three diacritic keys.

Type the Same Way on Mac and Windows

The Yukon Font system in some cases used different ways on Mac and Windows to get the same result. The YNLC system is identical on Mac and Windows with the exception of ł and Ł (option-L and option-shift-L on Mac, alt-control-L and shift-alt-control-L or 1 and shift-1 on Windows).

The Caps Lock Advantage

With these keyboard layouts Caps Lock is used to toggle between regular and Yukon typing. Eleven keys are affected, some with Caps Lock, but far fewer are needed for any particular language.

Caps Lock in/on

With Caps Lock invoked, the regular English keyboard converts to one with special Yukon symbols. The green boxes highlight the diacritics which go over vowel letters and the blue boxes highlight those that go under. The brown box has punctuation that looks like a right single quotation mark or apostrophe but is a different Unicode character (U+02BC MODIFIER LETTER APOSTROPHE) and is not automatically converted to left and right quotes by Word or InDesign. It is useful to write a glottal stop at the beginning of words.



Caps Lock in/on with Shift pressed

Pressing the shift key with Caps Lock invoked makes a different set of diacritics available. Again the green highlights the superscript and the blue the subscript diacritics. The double apostrophe in the brown box parallels the unshifted key but is not used for writing any Yukon Language.

YNLC Legacy Fonts and Keyboard

Please do not use this outdated technology for new materials. Instead use the YNLC Unicode keyboard layouts.

Around 1994 YNLC sponsored development of a Macintosh font to produce materials in Yukon languages. The "Yukon Font", as it was called, had idiosyncratic character encoding and required special keyboard software to use. A PC version had slightly different character encoding which made it difficult to exchange documents between Mac and PC. With the change to Macintosh System X, the materials made with the old font were no longer as accessible as the keyboard no longer worked. YNLC then made an OS X keyboard, code-named Painless, in order to be able to work with its legacy materials in the old font. The keystrokes are largely identical with those of the older method. Sometme later, after it appeared that there would be a long delay in Unicode being able to work with Yukon languages, YNLC developed fonts using open source outlines and the legacy character encoding. These are called "YNLC Legacy" (like Times), and "YNLC Legacy Sans" (like Arial or Helvetica). These replace the functionality of the Yukon and Yukon Sans fonts.

The Unicode stacking diacritics now work with all major software on Macintosh and Windows and all new YNLC materials use Unicode. Persons wishing to produce new materials in Yukon Languages are encouraged to use Unicode with the YNLC keyboard layouts. YNLC and others may however still need to use the Legacy Fonts and Keyboard Layout to modify or update older materials. The fonts can be used on PC but there is no PC keyboard layout available. Characters on PC can be entered using, for example, the Insert Symbol function in MS Word.

The downloadable file, ynlclegacy.zip contains two TrueType fonts, YNLC Legacy, and YNLC Legacy Sans, as well as the Painless Keyboard. Keyboarding instructions are in painlesslayout.pdf.

This package only works with System OS X 10.2 or higher. After downloading and unarchiving ynlclegacy.zip put the font files, YNLC Legacy and YNLC Legacy Sans, in /Library/Fonts, and put the keyboard files, Painless.keylayout and Painless.icns, in /Library/Keyboard Layouts. Log out and back in, or restart. To activate the keyboard use the instructions on the Macintosh Install section above substituting Painless for YNLCkey.

To make a document, you need to select both font and keyboard before typing.